Diabetes is a long-term disease where the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin. Insulin allows cells in your body to use sugar (glucose) for energy, so when you don’t have enough of it, your blood sugar levels rise, leading to diabetes-related health complications.
Patients can live healthier lives by managing this lifelong condition through diet and exercise, with no cure yet available. However, new research has revealed some promising approaches.
Below are seven exciting diabetes management findings.
The scientists discovered Metformin, a drug used to treat type 2 diabetes, could help prevent heart attacks and strokes. The study included over 27,000 people with type 2 diabetes who were randomly assigned to take Metformin or another diabetes medication known as sulfonylurea.
Researchers discovered that those who took Metformin had a 20% lower risk of heart attack and stroke combined than those who took sulfonylurea after an average of 5.7 years.
“The benefits of metformin were evident even in patients with relatively good blood sugar control,” said Dr. Hertzel C. Gerstein, a professor of medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
“This suggests that even if you are controlling your blood sugar well with other therapies, metformin may still be beneficial.” These and other metformin reviews give diabetic patients hope of controlling their disease.
Taking a Moderate Amount of Caffeine
According to a recent study, drinking coffee may reduce the risk of Type II Diabetes by up to 25%. Participants who drank four cups of caffeinated coffee per day had a 15% lower risk of developing type II diabetes than those who did not drink coffee.
“Several studies have suggested that caffeine consumption may help improve insulin sensitivity. This is significant because insulin resistance is a risk factor for diabetes.” Esther Lopez-Garcia of Spain’s Universidad Autonoma de Madrid conducted this research at Harvard School of Public Health. “This does not imply that drinking coffee protects against diabetes; we did not demonstrate this.”
Indian Spices Can Reduce Fats Associated with Diabetes
The high fibre content of turmeric helps lower blood sugar levels, reducing your risk for diabetes. It also contains anti-inflammatory properties, which can help prevent atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.
Studies have found that the antioxidant curcumin in turmeric can help lower blood sugar, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, and total cholesterol levels while increasing HDL (good) cholesterol levels in people with type II diabetes mellitus.
Insulin Producing Implants Made from Stem Cells
The Mayo Clinic discovered that implanting insulin-producing cells derived from stem cells may help diabetes patients achieve long-term blood sugar control in a study.
“The hope is that one day we will be able to regenerate pancreatic cells in diabetics,” said co-senior author Dr. Camillo Ricordi, director of the Cell Transplant Centre at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. “This has the potential to eliminate the need for insulin injections and improve the quality of life for millions of people with type 1 diabetes.”
New Research on Insulin Resistance
According to a recent study, a protein known as “Myostatin” is responsible for developing insulin resistance and obesity in mice. Myostatin inhibits muscle growth, and the body releases it during times of stress. According to the findings, physical activity may help prevent diabetes by blocking the effects of myostatin.
“Myostatin may help us understand why some people develop insulin resistance, which can lead to diabetes,” said study author and Yale School of Medicine professor Jeffrey M. Taekman. “This opens up new avenues for the diagnosis and treatment of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.”
Glucose-Monitoring Contact Lenses
Scientists at the University of Bath in England developed lenses to help people with diabetes by measuring their glucose levels.
“Users extract finger-prick blood onto the lens to measure how much glucose is present, and this data is wirelessly communicated to a mobile phone,” lead author Professor Gordon Dougal said in a written statement. “So far we have tested them on artificial tears, however they work equally well with real tear fluid or even sweat.”
Brown Fat: Cells that Help You Lose Weight
Brown fat cells differ from fat white cells because they contain more mitochondria (energy-producing units). It aids in weight loss because mitochondria burn calories. NASA scientists hope to develop drugs that mimic the effects of brown fat to aid in weight loss.
“We’ve known about brown fat for a long time, but its potential application in humans for the treatment of obesity and diabetes has only recently been explored,” study author Dr. Michael Rosenbaum, associate professor of medicine at Columbia University Medical Centre, said.”
“Now that we understand how to activate brown fat in humans, we hope to develop drugs that do so safely and without causing side effects.”
These are just a few of the most recent diabetes discoveries. Each one provides new hope for disease prevention and treatment for those afflicted. People’s understanding of this complex condition is constantly evolving as science advances.
Originally posted 2021-12-19 02:30:33. Republished by Blog Post Promoter